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اختلالات شخصیت

Freud’s Not Dead; He’s Just Really Hard to Find

In defense of defense mechanisms

Published on May 15, 2012 by Susan Krauss Whitbourne, Ph.D. in Fulfillment at Any Age

 

According to a claim made several years ago in the New York Times, Freud’s theory is still taught in universities, but not in psychology classes.  When asked to explain why, the article puts forward the assertion (backed by two prominent psychologists) that psychoanalysis doesn’t have a solid evidence-based grounding.  

I recently heard a talk in which the speaker, a physicist, referred to the Times article as “proof” that there’s not a shred of validity to the Freudian perspective.  It seems like a good time to set the record straight. Using the criteria established for evidence-based treatment, traditional psychoanalysis alone does not in fact pass muster as a method of therapy for the large majority of psychological disorders.  However, to dismiss Freud’s contributions as irrelevant to psychology, as this article (and the speaker) implies, is an oversimplification

 


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  • Don’t reduce everything to nature and nurture

    Genes and environment don’t explain everything. We’re wired by experience.

    Published on April 10, 2012 by Loretta Graziano Breuning, Ph.D. in Your Neurochemical Self

    People debate nature vs. nurture as if they add up to 100%. Genes and environment don't explain everything. A huge chunk of what you are comes from the neural network you built from experience.

    You were not born with a circuit chip in your brain, and you were not programmed by your culture. You built your neural circuits one connection at a time. Even the essential connections between your limbic system and your cortex, the pathways that tell your happy chemicals when to turn on and off, built up from experience. Instead of being born to love acorns and fear coyotes like a squirrel is, you were born to love and fear based on your past experience of pleasure and pain


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